Knowledge Mapping Research
The Knowledge Tree
Maps Tree: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 Pillar  2. Supernatural 

2.1 Theory
Religious studiesPhilosophy of religion / Sociology of religion / Anthropology of religion / Psycology of religion / History of religion / Comparative religion | Theology
2.2 Mysticism (W
2.3 Religions
2.3.1 Abrahamic religions
2.3.2 Indian (Dharmic) religions
HinduismBuddhismJainism | Sikhism
2.3.3 East Asian religions
2.3.4 Iranian religions
2.3.5 Ethnic religions
Chinese folk religion | Korean shamanism | Vodun | Bantu religion
2.3.6 New religions
Bahá'í Faith | Cao Dai | Scientology
2.3.7 Ancient religions
Prehistoric religion | Ancient Mesopotamian religion | Ancient Egyptian religion | Ancient Greek religion | Maya religion | Aztec religion | Inca religion

2.1 Theory
   Meta-knowledge of the study

  Religious studies (W)
       Academic studies of religions and religiosity

    Philosophy of religion (W)
        Philosophical studies of religion and religiosity

Sociology of religion (W)
        Social aspects of religions

Anthropology of religion (W)

        Cultural aspects of religions

Psychology of religion (W)

         Psychological aspects of religions

History of religion (W)
        Developments of religions through time

Comparative religion (W)
        Comparative studies of believes and practices

  Theology (W)
     Religious studies of religions and religiosity

 2.2 Mysticism (W
    Academic knowledge | Practical knowledge

  Studies of mysticism (W)
    Phenomena beyond the sensory world

2.3 Religions (W)
       Academic knowledge | Theological knowledge

  2.3.1 Abrahamic religions (W)
     Religions associated with God of Abraham

Judaism (W)

   Christianity (W)

   Islam (W)

  2.3.2 Indian (Dharmic) religions (W)
     Religions originated in the Indian subcontinent

Hinduism (W)

Buddhism (W)

Jainism (W)

Sikhism (W)

  2.3.3 East Asian religions
     Religions originated in East Asia

Confucianism (W)

Taoism (W)

Shinto (W)

  2.3.4 Iranian religions
      Religions originated in Iran

Zoroastrianism (W)

  2.3.5 Ethnic religions
     Ethnic-based religions

Chinese folk religion (W)

Korean Shamanism (W)

Vodun (W)

Bantu Religion (W)

  2.3.6 New religions (W)
     New religions, spiritual movements and sects

Bahá'í Faith (W)

Cao Dai (W)

   • Scientology (W)

  2.3.7 Ancient religions
     Religions that no longer exist
   • Prehistoric religion (W)

Ancient Mesopotamian religion (W)

Ancient Egyptian religion (W)

Ancient Greek religion (W)

Maya religion (W)

   • Aztec religion (W)

   • Inca religion (W)

The supernatural pillar

The supernatural pillar studies the supernatural. The supernatural is any "thing" that is beyond the empirical visible universe. The pillar includes fields dealing with religion and religiosity, spiritual movements and mysticism.


Religious studies is the general name for the academic study of religion and religiosity from a secular neutral approach. 


Studies of mysticism is a general name for an academic study of mysticism and spirituality from a secular neutral approach. Religious mysticism is studied as part of the studies of the relevant religions.


Religions and spiritual systems. The category includes fields focusing on the study of religions and spiritual systems. Scholars estimate that there are over 4000 religions and spiritual systems. The scheme above classifies only the main religions and spiritual systems.

Categories. The religions and spiritual systems are sorted into 7 groups: (1) Abrahamic religions, (2) Indian religions, (3) East Asian religions, (4) Iranian religions, (5) Ethnic religions, (6) New religions (7) and Ancient religions. The sorting is unsystematic since the seven subcategories are exhaustive (i.e., each of the 4000 religions can be represented in at least one category), but they are not mutually exclusive (i.e., there are partial overlaps between the subcategories).

Taxonomy of religions. The difficulty of developing a systematic classification stems from disagreements among the experts on the definition of "religion". Since there is no agreement on the definitions of the concepts, it is difficult to develop a systematic conceptual classification that will be acceptable by everyone. That is, it is difficult to develop an agreed systematic classification based on a phenomenological analysis of the concept of "religion". Phenomenological analysis is an intellectual analysis of the essential characteristics of the 'phenomenon' religion. Note that In the literature one can find several approaches for classifying religions. Therefore, The classification here is based on an empirical analysis of the existing religions and the identification of common characteristics such as a founding father (Abrahamic religions), geographic origin (Indian religions, East Asian religions and Iranian religions), ethnic basis (ethnic religions) and historical basis (new religions and ancient religions). In professional terminology it is a taxonomy of religions (i.e., a generalization arising from the analysis of the existing religions), and not a classification of religions (i.e., a generalization arising from a conceptual analysis of the phenomenon of religion and religiosity).